An Exclusion in insurance refers to specific conditions, circumstances, or risks that are not covered by an insurance policy. These exclusions are explicitly stated in the policy document to clarify the limitations of coverage and to manage the insurer’s risk exposure. Exclusions help define the scope of an insurance policy by identifying what is not covered, preventing potential misunderstandings or disputes when a claim is made.

Common exclusions include pre-existing conditions, which are health conditions that existed before the start of the policy. Intentional acts, where losses or damages are caused intentionally by the policyholder, are also typically excluded. Certain perils, such as floods or earthquakes, may not be covered under standard policies and might require separate coverage.

Additionally, normal wear and tear, which refers to the ordinary deterioration or depreciation of property over time, is generally not covered. Understanding exclusions is crucial for policyholders to know the limitations of their coverage and to make informed decisions about additional insurance needs or risk management strategies. Exclusions ensure that policyholders are aware of potential gaps in coverage and allow insurers to maintain control over their risk and financial liabilities.