In insurance, a Loss refers to any instance of damage, injury, or financial detriment that triggers a claim under an insurance policy. This can encompass a wide range of events, including accidents, natural disasters, theft, or liability incidents. The term “loss” is central to the concept of insurance, as policies are designed to provide financial compensation for these adverse occurrences. Losses can be categorized in various ways.

For example, there are direct losses, which involve physical damage to property, and indirect losses, which may include additional expenses or loss of income resulting from the primary damage. In the context of liability insurance, a loss might refer to the financial impact of a lawsuit or legal claim against the insured party. When a loss occurs, the policyholder must report it to the insurance company, providing detailed information and documentation. The insurer then assesses the claim to determine if the loss is covered under the policy terms and calculates the compensation amount. This process involves evaluating the extent of the damage or financial impact and considering any applicable deductibles or policy limits.